App Tutorial

Master Google Sheets Absolute Reference in 3 Steps

Apps used
Google Sheets
February 4, 2024

Google Sheets allows users to make cell references absolute by adding dollar signs via the 'F4' key, ensuring references remain constant when copied.

  • Use 'F4' (or 'fn + F4' on Mac) to toggle a cell reference to absolute in formulas.
  • To reference a cell from another sheet absolutely, include the sheet name with an exclamation point and use dollar signs, e.g., 'Sheet2!$A$1'.
  • Mix relative and absolute references to lock either the row or column, using '$A1' or 'A$1'.

Automate your Google Sheets tasks and save time with Bardeen. Learn more at

Google Sheets Absolute Reference

In Google Sheets, understanding the difference between relative and absolute references is crucial for managing and manipulating data effectively. By default, all cell references in Google Sheets are relative. However, there are situations where you may need to use an absolute reference to ensure that a specific cell reference remains constant when copied to another location.

Google Sheets Absolute Reference Shortcut

To quickly apply an absolute reference in Google Sheets, you can use the 'F4' key on your keyboard right after selecting a cell reference within a formula. This action will add dollar signs to both the column letter and row number, making it an absolute reference. For Mac users, the shortcut is 'fn + F4'. If you press 'F4' multiple times, it will cycle through different combinations of absolute and relative references for the column and row.

Google Sheets Absolute Reference Another Sheet

To reference a cell absolutely from another sheet within the same Google Sheets document, you need to include the sheet name followed by an exclamation point before the cell reference, and use dollar signs to make the reference absolute. For example, to reference cell A1 from Sheet2 absolutely, you would use 'Sheet2!$A$1'. If the sheet name contains spaces or special characters, enclose it in single quotes, like ''Sheet Two'!$A$1'.

Relative and Absolute Cell Reference Google Sheets

Relative references change when a formula is copied to another cell, adjusting based on the relative position of rows and columns. For example, copying the formula '=A1+B1' from row 1 to row 2 changes it to '=A2+B2'. Absolute references, designated by a dollar sign ('$'), remain constant no matter where they are copied. For instance, '$A$1' will always refer to cell A1. You can also mix relative and absolute references to lock either the row or the column, using '$A1' or 'A$1' respectively.

Automate Your Google Sheets with Bardeen Playbooks

While mastering Google Sheets absolute reference is key to leveraging the full power of spreadsheet manipulation, automating tasks within Google Sheets using Bardeen takes productivity and data management to the next level. By utilizing Bardeen's playbooks, you can automate repetitive tasks, ensuring data accuracy and saving valuable time.

Here are some examples of automation you can implement with Bardeen:

  1. Enrich and update leads from a Google Sheet, when new row is added [Beta]: This playbook automates the process of enriching lead data directly in Google Sheets. When a new row is added, it uses the lead's email address to gather more information and updates the sheet with enriched data, functioning seamlessly even when your device is offline.
  2. Create a ClickUp task when a Google Sheets spreadsheet is modified: Perfect for project management, this playbook creates tasks in ClickUp based on modifications in Google Sheets. It ensures that project tasks are dynamically updated, reflecting the latest changes in your data sheets.
  3. Enrich contacts using names and company information in Google Sheets: Enhance your contact management by automatically enriching contacts in Google Sheets with additional details such as email, title, and social profiles using This playbook updates the sheet with new insights, keeping your contact information comprehensive and current.

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