Convert Excel Macros to Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Jason Gong
June 6, 2024

Convert Excel macros to Google Sheets with Apps Script.

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Converting Excel macros to Google Sheets can be a challenging task due to the differences in scripting languages and platform capabilities. However, with the right tools and techniques, it's possible to successfully translate VBA code into Google Apps Script and maintain the functionality of your macros. In this step-by-step guide, we'll walk you through the process of converting Excel macros to Google Sheets, from understanding the fundamental differences between the two platforms to testing and enhancing your converted scripts.

Understanding the Fundamental Differences Between Excel and Google Sheets

Excel and Google Sheets are both powerful spreadsheet tools, but they have some key differences in their core functionality and capabilities. Understanding these distinctions is crucial when deciding which tool to use for your specific needs.

  • Scripting languages: Excel uses Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) for scripting, while Google Sheets uses Google Apps Script, which is based on JavaScript.
  • Platform capabilities: Excel is a desktop application with more advanced features and functions, while Google Sheets is web-based and focuses on simplicity and collaboration. You can connect Google Sheets with various apps to enhance its functionality.
  • Macro functionality: Excel macros can be more complex and feature-rich due to VBA's capabilities, while Google Sheets macros may have some limitations due to the nature of Google Apps Script.

These differences impact the conversion process when moving macros from Excel to Google Sheets. Some Excel macro functionalities may not have direct equivalents in Google Sheets, requiring alternative approaches or workarounds. It's essential to assess the complexity of your Excel macros and determine if they can be effectively translated to Google Sheets while maintaining their intended purpose.

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Preparing Excel Macros for Conversion

Before converting your Excel macros to Google Sheets, it's crucial to identify and isolate the macros that need to be converted. This process involves understanding the logic and functionality of each macro to ensure an effective translation.

To prepare your Excel macros for conversion:

  1. Identify the macros: Review your Excel workbook and locate the macros that you want to convert to Google Sheets. These macros may be stored in the Visual Basic Editor (VBE) or embedded within worksheet objects.
  2. Analyze the macro code: Open each macro in the VBE and examine the code to understand its purpose, inputs, outputs, and dependencies. Make note of any unique Excel functions or features used in the macro.
  3. Determine the scope: Assess whether the entire macro needs to be converted or if only specific parts are essential for your Google Sheets workflow. This will help you focus on the critical components during the conversion process.
  4. Document the macro logic: Create a flowchart or pseudocode to outline the step-by-step logic of the macro. This documentation will serve as a reference when recreating the functionality in Google Sheets using Google Apps Script.

By thoroughly understanding the structure and purpose of your Excel macros, you'll be better equipped to translate them effectively into Google Sheets. This preparation phase is crucial for ensuring a smooth conversion process and maintaining the integrity of your automated workflows. For more efficient Excel workflows, consider using tools to connect Microsoft Excel with other platforms.

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Using Google Workspace Tools for Macro Conversion

Google Workspace offers a Macro Converter tool, specifically designed for Enterprise Plus customers, to simplify the process of converting Excel files containing Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code to Google Sheets and Apps Script. This tool is available in the Google Workspace Marketplace.

While the Macro Converter can be a valuable resource, it's important to be aware of its limitations and prerequisites:

  • Limited availability: The Macro Converter is only accessible to Google Workspace Enterprise Plus and G Suite Enterprise for Education customers. Users with other subscription plans will not be able to utilize this tool.
  • Compatibility issues: Some users have reported difficulties in converting certain Excel files, particularly those with complex VBA code or dependencies. It's essential to test the converted files thoroughly to ensure proper functionality.
  • Incomplete conversions: In some cases, the Macro Converter may not be able to fully translate all VBA code to Apps Script. Manual adjustments and debugging may be necessary to achieve the desired results.

Before attempting to use the Macro Converter, it's crucial to review the tool's documentation and user reviews to understand its capabilities and potential drawbacks. Consulting with your domain administrator or Google Workspace support can also provide guidance on the tool's suitability for your specific needs.

Manual Conversion Techniques: Translating VBA to Google Apps Script

When the Macro Converter tool is not available or fails to fully translate your VBA code, you can manually convert it to Google Apps Script. This process involves understanding the differences between the two scripting languages and finding equivalent functions and methods in Apps Script.

Here's a step-by-step guide to manually converting VBA to Google Apps Script:

  1. Familiarize yourself with the basics of Google Apps Script syntax and structure. Apps Script is based on JavaScript, so understanding JavaScript fundamentals will help you in the conversion process.
  2. Identify the main components of your VBA macro, such as variables, functions, and subroutines. Break down the code into smaller, manageable sections.
  3. Convert VBA-specific functions and methods to their Google Apps Script equivalents. For example:
    • Range("A1") in VBA becomes SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet().getRange("A1") in Apps Script.
    • Worksheets("Sheet1") in VBA becomes SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().getSheetByName("Sheet1") in Apps Script.
  4. Adapt VBA loops and conditional statements to fit the JavaScript syntax used in Apps Script. For instance, "For Each" loops in VBA can be replaced with "for" loops in Apps Script.
  5. Replace VBA-specific objects and collections with their Apps Script counterparts. For example, the Workbook object in VBA can be replaced with the Spreadsheet object in Apps Script.
  6. Test your converted code in the Apps Script editor, debugging and refining as needed. Use the Logger.log() function to output intermediate values and help identify issues.
  7. If you need more advanced data handling, consider using a free AI web scraper to gather data directly into Google Sheets.

Here's an example of converting a simple VBA macro to Google Apps Script:


Sub ExampleMacro()
Range("A1").Value = "Hello, World!"
End Sub

Google Apps Script:

function exampleMacro() {
SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet().getRange("A1").setValue("Hello, World!");

Remember that not all VBA functions have direct equivalents in Google Apps Script. In such cases, you may need to find alternative methods or create custom functions to achieve the desired functionality. You can also integrate Google Docs for more complex workflows.

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Testing and Debugging Converted Scripts in Google Sheets

After converting your VBA macros to Google Apps Script, it's crucial to test the functionality of the converted scripts within Google Sheets. This ensures that the scripts work as intended and helps identify any issues that may have arisen during the conversion process.

Here are some methods for testing your converted scripts:

  1. Run the script directly from the Apps Script editor by clicking the "Run" button. This allows you to see if the script executes without errors and produces the expected results.
  2. Use the Logger.log() function to output intermediate values and debug your script. You can view the logged messages in the "Executions" panel of the Apps Script editor.
  3. Create a test spreadsheet with sample data to validate the script's behavior. This helps ensure that the script interacts correctly with the Google Sheets environment.
  4. Utilize the built-in debugging tools in the Apps Script editor, such as breakpoints and the debugger, to step through your code and identify issues.

Common issues that may arise after converting VBA macros to Google Apps Script include:

  • Syntax errors due to differences between VBA and Apps Script.
  • Incorrect function or method names when translating from VBA to Apps Script.
  • Missing or incorrect object references, such as referring to "Worksheet" instead of "Sheet."
  • Unhandled errors or exceptions that were not present in the original VBA macro.

To troubleshoot these issues:

  1. Carefully review the converted code for syntax errors and correct them as needed.
  2. Double-check the Apps Script documentation to ensure you are using the correct function and method names.
  3. Verify that object references are accurate and correspond to the appropriate Google Sheets objects.
  4. Implement error handling techniques, such as try-catch blocks, to catch and manage any unhandled errors or exceptions.

By thoroughly testing and debugging your converted scripts, you can ensure a smooth transition from VBA macros to Google Apps Script and maintain the desired functionality within Google Sheets. Additionally, you can integrate Google Drive with other apps to enhance your workflow.

Enhancing Functionality with Google Sheets Add-Ons

Google Sheets offers a wide range of add-ons that can extend the functionality of your spreadsheets and replicate or enhance the features of original Excel macros. These add-ons, available in the Google Workspace Marketplace, can help streamline your workflow and improve efficiency.

Some popular add-ons that can enhance your Google Sheets experience include:

  • Data connector add-ons, such as the Data connector for Salesforce or Supermetrics, which allow you to connect Google Sheets with external data sources like Salesforce, MySQL, and Oracle.
  • CRM integration add-ons, such as Copper CRM Custom Report Builder, which enable you to integrate CRM data directly into your Google Sheets.
  • Reporting and analytics add-ons, like the Greenhouse Report Connector, which can help you integrate data from various sources and create comprehensive reports.

To install an add-on in Google Sheets:

  1. Click on the "Add-ons" menu in the Google Sheets toolbar.
  2. Select "Get add-ons" to open the Google Workspace Marketplace.
  3. Browse or search for the desired add-on, and click on it to view its description.
  4. Click the "Install" button, review the access permissions, and click "Allow" to grant the necessary permissions.

Once installed, the add-on will appear under the "Add-ons" menu in Google Sheets. You can access its features and configure its settings from there.

By leveraging the power of Google Sheets add-ons, you can extend the capabilities of your spreadsheets and create a more robust, efficient workflow that rivals the functionality of Excel macros. Consider using Bardeen's LinkedIn scraping tool to automate data collection and improve productivity.

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Automate Google Sheets with Bardeen Playbooks

When converting Excel macros to Google Sheets, manual code translation is often necessary due to the different scripting languages used by each platform. However, automation tools like Bardeen offer a variety of playbooks that can help streamline this process or automate related tasks to enhance productivity and data management within Google Sheets:

  1. Copy records from SmartSuite to Google Sheets: This playbook facilitates the automatic transfer of records from SmartSuite to Google Sheets, making data integration seamless and efficient for enhanced reporting and analysis.
  2. Copy a newly created Asana task to Google Sheets: Automate the process of syncing new tasks from Asana directly into your Google Sheets. This playbook is ideal for keeping project management and task tracking in sync.
  3. Copy all Github issues to Google Sheets: Streamline your development workflow by automatically copying all issues from a Github repository into a Google Sheets spreadsheet for better issue tracking and project management.

Automating these processes not only saves valuable time but also reduces the risk of manual errors, allowing teams to focus on more strategic tasks. Discover the full potential of automation by downloading the Bardeen app at

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