Transpose Data in Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Jason Gong
June 6, 2024

Use the TRANSPOSE function to convert rows to columns in Google Sheets.

By the way, we're Bardeen, we build a free AI Agent for doing repetitive tasks.

Since you're learning about Google Sheets, you might find our GPT in Spreadsheets feature useful. It reduces manual data entry and helps with data analysis.

Converting rows to columns in Google Sheets is a common task that can be accomplished using the TRANSPOSE function or the Paste Special feature. In this step-by-step tutorial, we'll show you how to use these methods to quickly and easily transpose your data. We'll also provide tips on managing transposed data and avoiding common errors.

Understanding the TRANSPOSE Function in Google Sheets

The TRANSPOSE function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool that allows you to flip the orientation of your data, converting rows to columns and vice versa. This function is particularly useful when you need to reorganize your data for better analysis or presentation.

The syntax for the TRANSPOSE function is simple: =TRANSPOSE(array_or_range), where "array_or_range" represents the data you want to transpose. For example, if your data is in the range A1:C3, you would use the formula =TRANSPOSE(A1:C3) to flip the rows and columns.

  • The TRANSPOSE function swaps the values in the nth row and mth column, placing them in the mth row and nth column.
  • If your original data range has m rows and n columns, the transposed result will have n rows and m columns.

When using the TRANSPOSE function, keep in mind that it only works with rectangular data ranges, meaning the number of columns in the input range should equal the number of rows in the output range, and vice versa. Ensure your data is properly formatted and includes headers for easy identification after transposition. To further enhance your workflow, consider adding GPT to Google Sheets.

How to Apply the TRANSPOSE Function

To apply the TRANSPOSE function in Google Sheets, follow these step-by-step instructions:

  1. Select a cell where you want the transposed data to start.
  2. Type =TRANSPOSE( in the cell.
  3. Click and drag to select the range of cells containing the data you want to transpose, or manually enter the range (e.g., A1:C3).
  4. Close the parentheses and press Enter to apply the function.

The transposed data will appear starting from the cell where you entered the formula. Keep in mind that you need to have enough empty cells to accommodate the transposed data.

Common errors to avoid when using the TRANSPOSE function include:

  • Overlapping ranges: Ensure that the destination range does not overlap with the source range to prevent overwriting data.
  • Insufficient space: Make sure there are enough empty cells to fit the transposed data. If not, the function will return a #REF! error.
  • Non-rectangular ranges: The TRANSPOSE function only works with rectangular ranges, meaning the number of rows and columns must be consistent.

If you encounter any issues, double-check your range selection and ensure there is enough space for the transposed data. With these tips in mind, you can easily apply the TRANSPOSE function to your data in Google Sheets. To further streamline your spreadsheet tasks, consider using automation tools for Excel.

Bardeen helps you integrate Google Sheets with other apps to automate tasks and save time. Discover how to connect Google Docs to streamline your workflow.

Alternatives to the TRANSPOSE Function: Paste Special

While the TRANSPOSE function is a powerful tool for rotating data from rows to columns or vice versa, Google Sheets offers an alternative method called Paste Special. This feature allows you to transpose data without using a formula, making it a convenient option for those who prefer a more direct approach.

To use Paste Special for transposing data:

  1. Select and copy the range of cells you want to transpose.
  2. Right-click on the cell where you want the transposed data to start.
  3. Choose "Paste special" from the context menu.
  4. In the Paste special dialog box, select the "Transpose" option and click "OK".

The transposed data will appear in the selected location without the need for a formula.

One key difference between the TRANSPOSE function and Paste Special is their behavior when the original data changes. The TRANSPOSE function is dynamic, meaning that if you modify the source data, the transposed output will automatically update to reflect those changes. In contrast, Paste Special creates a static copy of the transposed data, which does not update when the original data is modified.

Consider using Paste Special when:

  • You want to create a one-time transposition of data without the need for ongoing updates.
  • You prefer a more straightforward method that doesn't involve formulas.
  • You want to maintain the formatting of the original data in the transposed output.

Keep in mind that if you frequently need to transpose data and want the output to remain in sync with the source, the TRANSPOSE function is the better choice. However, for quick, one-time transpositions, Paste Special is a useful alternative. For more advanced tasks, you might want to scrape data from a website and integrate it into your sheets.

Tips for Managing Transposed Data

When working with transposed data in Google Sheets, it's crucial to maintain clarity and usability. Here are some tips to help you organize and manage your data effectively:

  1. Plan your data structure: Before transposing, consider how you want your data to be organized. Determine which information should be in rows and which should be in columns for optimal readability and analysis.
  2. Use clear headers: Ensure that your headers accurately describe the data in each row or column. Enrich LinkedIn profiles to keep headers accurate and informative.
  3. Adjust cell formatting: After transposing, you may need to adjust the formatting of your cells to accommodate the new layout. This can include resizing columns or rows, aligning text, or applying number formats.
  4. Check for misaligned data: Sometimes, transposing can result in misaligned data, particularly if your original dataset had inconsistent cell sizes or empty cells. Review your transposed data carefully and make any necessary adjustments.
  5. Split or merge cells as needed: If your transposed data results in cells containing multiple values, consider splitting them into separate columns or rows for better organization. Conversely, if you have redundant information after transposing, you can merge cells to streamline your data.

By following these tips and taking the time to organize your data before and after transposing, you'll ensure that your spreadsheet remains user-friendly and efficient. For more advanced data management, automate data enrichment to keep your datasets accurate and comprehensive.

Bardeen's playbook can automate LinkedIn profile enrichment directly in Google Sheets, saving significant time and effort. Discover the playbook to streamline your data tasks.

Automate Your Google Sheets with Bardeen Playbooks

Converting rows into columns in Google Sheets, or transposing data, can be a manual process as described above, but it can also be streamlined through automation. Automating this process with Bardeen not only saves time but also reduces the risk of errors, making your data manipulation tasks more efficient. Consider automating related tasks to enhance your productivity and data management in Google Sheets.

Here are some examples of automations you can create using Bardeen's playbooks:

  1. Add row in Google Sheets when Asana task is created: Automatically add a row in Google Sheets whenever a new task is created in Asana. This playbook is perfect for project management and tracking task progress.
  2. Get rows from a Coda table and add them to Google Sheets: Seamlessly transfer rows from Coda to Google Sheets. Ideal for consolidating data from multiple sources into a single spreadsheet for analysis.
  3. Create Coda entry when a row is added in Google Sheets: Streamline your workflow by creating a Coda entry automatically when a new row is added to your Google Sheets. Perfect for maintaining synchronized records across platforms.

Explore these automations by downloading the Bardeen app at

No more copy-pasting from ChatGPT to Google Sheets

With Bardeen's GPT in Spreadsheets, you can easily use AI in Google Sheets or Excel in a few clicks.

Get Bardeen free

Related frequently asked questions

Undoing HubSpot Imports: Alternative Methods (3 Steps)

Learn how to manage or undo HubSpot imports with manual deletions, property reversion, and community workarounds. Engage with the community for updates.

Read more
Undo Actions in Notion: A Quick Guide (3 Steps)

Learn how to undo actions in Notion on various devices including Mac, iPad, and more. Quick guide to reverting changes and enhancing productivity.

Read more
Convert Excel Macros to Google Sheets: A Step-by-Step Guide

Learn how to convert Excel macros to Google Sheets by translating VBA to Google Apps Script, using tools, and manual code adjustments.

Read more
Easy Excel to Google Sheets Import Guide - 3 Methods

Learn to import Excel into Google Sheets for enhanced collaboration. Discover direct import, Google Drive conversion, and automatic settings methods.

Read more
Enable Dark Mode in Notion: Easy Steps (2024)

Learn how to enable dark mode in Notion on desktop and mobile to reduce eye strain and improve visual appeal across all workspaces.

Read more
Export HubSpot Contacts to Excel: A Step-by-Step Guide

Learn how to export HubSpot contacts to Excel in a few steps for analysis or external communication. Includes individual and list export instructions.

Read more
how does bardeen work?

Your proactive teammate — doing the busywork to save you time

Integrate your apps and websites

Use data and events in one app to automate another. Bardeen supports an increasing library of powerful integrations.

Perform tasks & actions

Bardeen completes tasks in apps and websites you use for work, so you don't have to - filling forms, sending messages, or even crafting detailed reports.

Combine it all to create workflows

Workflows are a series of actions triggered by you or a change in a connected app. They automate repetitive tasks you normally perform manually - saving you time.

get bardeen

Don't just connect your apps, automate them.

200,000+ users and counting use Bardeen to eliminate repetitive tasks

Effortless setup
AI powered workflows
Free to use
Reading time
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the storing of cookies. View our Privacy Policy for more information.