Convert Text to Formulas in Google Sheets: A Guide

Jason Gong
June 6, 2024

Use built-in functions to convert text to formulas in Google Sheets.

By the way, we're Bardeen, we build a free AI Agent for doing repetitive tasks.

If you work with Google Sheets, you might love Bardeen's GPT in Spreadsheets. It helps you turn text into formulas and more, saving time and effort.

Converting text to executable formulas in Google Sheets can be a powerful way to automate calculations and streamline your workflow. In this step-by-step guide, we'll show you how to use built-in functions and advanced techniques to transform text inputs into dynamic formulas. Whether you're working with simple mathematical operations or complex functions, these methods will help you unlock the full potential of your spreadsheets.

Understanding the TEXT Function in Google Sheets

The TEXT function in Google Sheets is a powerful tool that allows you to convert numbers, dates, or times into a specified text format. This function is particularly useful when you need to format data in a specific way, such as displaying dates in a custom format or presenting monetary values with currency symbols.

The basic syntax for the TEXT function is: TEXT(value, format), where "value" is the number, date, or time you want to convert, and "format" is the desired text format enclosed in quotation marks.

Here are a few examples of how to use the TEXT function:

  • To format a date in the "yyyy-MM" format, use: TEXT(DATE(2023,4,15),"yyyy-MM"). This will output "2023-04".
  • To display a number as currency with two decimal places, use: TEXT(1234.56,"$0.00"). This will output "$1234.56".
  • To format a time in the 12-hour format with AM/PM, use: TEXT(TIME(14,30,0),"hh:mm AM/PM"). This will output "02:30 PM".

When using the TEXT function, keep in mind that the format codes are case-sensitive and must be enclosed in quotation marks. The "0" format code will display leading zeros if necessary, while the "#" format code will not. If you want to automate this process, consider using GPT for Google Sheets.

Implementing Basic Mathematical Operations via Text

Converting text strings that represent mathematical operations into executable formulas is a powerful technique in Google Sheets. By using a combination of functions like INDIRECT(), FIND(), LEFT(), and RIGHT(), you can parse and execute operations stored as text.

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to implement this:

  1. Assume you have a text string in cell A1 that represents a simple mathematical operation, such as "1+1".
  2. In another cell (e.g., B1), enter the following formula:
  3. Break down the formula:
    • FIND("+",A1) locates the position of the "+" operator in the text string.
    • LEFT(A1,FIND("+",A1)-1) extracts the text to the left of the "+" operator.
    • RIGHT(A1,LEN(A1)-FIND("+",A1)) extracts the text to the right of the "+" operator.
    • INDIRECT() converts the extracted text into cell references.
    • The "+" operator between the INDIRECT() functions performs the actual addition.
  4. Press Enter, and the formula in B1 will calculate the result of the operation stored in A1.

You can adapt this formula to handle other basic mathematical operations like subtraction ("-"), multiplication ("*"), and division ("/") by replacing the "+" operator in the FIND() function and the formula itself.

For even more efficient workflows, consider using GPT in Google Sheets to bring AI into your spreadsheet tasks.

Keep in mind that this method works best for simple operations involving cell references or numeric values. For more complex formulas involving functions or multiple operations, you may need to use more advanced techniques or Google Apps Script.

Save time with Bardeen by integrating Google Sheets and automating repetitive tasks.

Advanced Text-to-Formula Conversion Techniques

For more complex formula conversions, such as incorporating functions like SUM() or AVERAGE() from text inputs, you can use a combination of the techniques discussed earlier and additional functions.

One powerful function for handling these scenarios is ARRAYFORMULA(). This function allows you to perform bulk text-to-formula conversions across multiple cells, enhancing efficiency in large datasets. Here's how you can use it:

  1. Assume you have a range of cells (A1:A5) containing text strings that represent formulas, such as "=SUM(B1:B5)" or "=AVERAGE(C1:C5)".
  2. In cell D1, enter the following formula:
  3. The EVALUATE() function, when used within ARRAYFORMULA(), will parse and execute each text string in the range A1:A5 as a formula.
  4. The result will be an array of values corresponding to the evaluated formulas, which will be displayed in the cells below D1.

This technique is particularly useful when you have a large number of text-based formulas that need to be converted and evaluated simultaneously.

Another approach is to use a combination of SUBSTITUTE() and INDIRECT() functions to replace cell references within the text-based formulas before evaluation. This allows for more dynamic and flexible formula construction.

Keep in mind that there are limitations to these techniques, such as the inability to directly convert text to executable conditional statements (e.g., IF statements). In such cases, you may need to explore alternative approaches or use Google Apps Script for more advanced customization.

Practical Applications and Limitations

Converting text to formulas in Google Sheets has numerous practical applications across various industries. One common use case is in dynamic financial models, where users can input assumptions or scenarios as text and have them automatically converted into executable formulas. This enables quick what-if analysis and streamlines the modeling process.

Another practical application is in data validation processes. By converting text-based validation rules into formulas, you can ensure data integrity and consistency across large datasets. This is particularly useful when working with user-submitted data or importing information from external sources.

However, there are some limitations to be aware of when converting text to formulas. One major limitation is the inability to directly convert text into executable conditional statements, such as IF statements. While you can use a combination of functions like IFERROR() or ISERROR() to work around this, it may require additional steps and complexity.

Another potential limitation is performance. If you're working with very large datasets or complex text-based formulas, the conversion process may be slow or resource-intensive. In such cases, it's important to optimize your formulas and consider alternative approaches, such as using scripts or add-ons.

Lastly, it's crucial to thoroughly test your converted formulas to ensure they are functioning as intended. Depending on the complexity of your text inputs and desired outputs, there may be edge cases or unexpected behaviors that require additional handling or error checking.

Despite these limitations, converting text to formulas in Google Sheets remains a powerful technique for automating calculations, validating data, and creating dynamic models. By understanding the practical applications and working around the limitations, you can unlock new possibilities and efficiencies in your spreadsheet workflows. For more advanced automation, check out how to enrich LinkedIn profiles directly in Google Sheets.

Save time and automate your LinkedIn profile enrichment with Bardeen. Use our playbook to enrich LinkedIn profiles directly into Google Sheets, making your data sourcing effortless and efficient.

Unlock Google Sheets Efficiencies with Bardeen Automation

While converting text to a formula in Google Sheets can be a manual task, automating your Google Sheets tasks can save time and increase productivity. Bardeen offers several playbooks that can automate various tasks in Google Sheets, streamlining your data management and analysis processes.

Explore the following examples of how Bardeen can automate tasks in Google Sheets, making your workflow more efficient:

  1. Save selected text to Google Sheets, when I right-click: This automation saves you the hassle of copying and pasting. Simply right-click to save any selected text directly into your Google Sheets. Ideal for research and data collection.
  2. Get a YouTube transcript for the current video in a Google Sheet: Automatically capture YouTube video transcripts and store them in Google Sheets, perfect for content creators and researchers wanting to easily access video content in text form.
  3. Get key takeaways from a Youtube video using OpenAI and save it to Google Sheets: Use this playbook to summarize YouTube videos and extract main takeaways with OpenAI, then save the insights directly to Google Sheets. Great for compiling video research.

To streamline your Google Sheets tasks and boost productivity, download the Bardeen app at

Automate Google Sheets with AI

Bardeen's GPT in Spreadsheets turns text into formulas in a few clicks.

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